Different styles of coffee bean roasting

Coffee Roasting is the transformation processes of the chemical and physical properties of the green coffee beans. Roasting produces the characteristic flavour of the coffee by causing the green coffee beans to expand and to change in colour, taste, smell and density as desired by the roaster. Unroasted beans contain similar acids, protein and caffeine as those that have been roasted but the taste is completely different. After roasting the beans shrink almost 20% by weight and the aroma or flavour of the coffee is acquired. The purpose of roasting is to minimize the bitterness and acidity while maximizing the sweetness and aroma.

Coffee beans are originally green in colour. With the temperature applied the colour begins to darken and the surface tends to become oily. The heat applied in the roasting process typically varies from 370 and 40 degree Fahrenheit (188 and 282 degree Celsius) and the time of roasting ranges from 3 to 30 minutes. The beans are then rapidly cooled. The times spent at various temperature levels greatly affect the flavour and colour of the roast. The roasted beans are then cooled and packaged for selling. Roasted beans can be considered fresh for up to one month. Depending on the heat applied and the change in colour the roasted beans are graded as light, cinnamon, medium, high, city, full city, Italian and French. The French grade is derived when the beans are double roasted, the bean sugar begins to carbonize and a Smokey-sweet flavour is achieved. In a typical roast situation the surface of the coffee bean becomes slightly shiny with a somewhat spicy flavour and in case of Double roast the surface becomes very oily with none of the inherent flavours of the bean is recognizable. There are other methods of roasting where heat is directly applied without the use of oil or water as a carrier. Coffee roasting produces smoke and fumes so it should be done in a well-ventilated area.

Coffee beans can also be home roasted for personal consumption. This had been practiced for centuries and usually has numerous methods of roasting. Until World War I, it was more common to roast coffee at home than buying pre-roasted packets. In recent days, people are returning to home roasting coffee beans to enjoy the freshest taste and aroma possible.

The roasting process also determines the level of caffeine present in the coffee. The lighter and medium roasts of coffee have higher levels of caffeine than the darker roasts.

The Future of Byron Beans, Converting to Organics

In July, Byron Beans passed a first year audit from the Australian Certified Organics program. It’s a three year process, and we’re very proud, as one of the largest coffee growers in Northern NSW to be at the vanguard of the organic movement. As of July in 2013, Byron Beans hopes to be completely certified to produce coffee under the endorsement of the Australian Certified Organics Program. Most people nowadays are aware of the health and environmental benefits of organic farming practices. With no synthetic chemicals or pesticides, organic farming yields vastly beneficial repercussions for the local environment. If you’ve ever been to the Byron Bay region, you’ll remember the stunning coastal environment and voluptuous green landscapes, host to all that Australiana that makes the region such a popular holiday destination. The area is most definitely unique, and at Byron Beans we aim to see it stay that way. This is a very exciting time for us, as we move forward to acknowledge our powers and responsibilities as farmers of the region.

When we were established in ’99, the plot of land we purchased was far from the vista that it is today. Overgrown with introduced species, it demonstrated the prior owner’s disregard for the property. We committed to restore the property to the standard of beauty that Byron Bay is famous for. Lantana and Camphor Laurels, among other species of noxious weeds were removed. The majestic gum and pine trees, which had developed along the fence-lines decades ago no longer had to compete for nutrients with introduced species, and today they stand as tall windbreaks, looking over the crop. Growing up on the farm, I remember seeing echidnas, tawny frogmouth owls, kookaburras, generations of magpies, paired possums, occasional wallabies, and, inevitably, the odd snake. For us, these sightings are the motivation for the adoption of sustainable practices, and we hope you’ll join us in attempting to maintain the fertile beauty of the Northern Rivers.

What are the different types of Coffee Beans?

Coffee beans, the seed of the coffee plant, have many different varieties. These varieties include those from differing places as well as those mutated or changed through selective breeding. Roasting the coffee beans creates the individual hues and tastes. Roasting is a delicate process that releases and enhances the beans’ flavours, from light roast to dark.

One species of coffee bean comes from the Robusta coffee plant. Robusta coffee beans account for about 20% of the world’s production. The beans are more robust than that of the Arabica coffee beans but the taste is not as deep. In addition, Robusta coffee beans produce a coffee with higher caffeine content. Robusta coffee plants were discovered growing wild in the Belgian Congo (Zaire or Republic of Congo) in the late 1800’s. The name reflects the robust taste of this coffee, as well as the bite or kick it delivers.

A decidedly unusual type of Robusta coffee bean is the Indonesian Kopi Luwak, and the PhillippineKapeAlamid. These beans are selected out of the droppings of the Common Palm Civet. The digestive juices of the Common Palm Civet provide the coffee bean an unusual and distinct flavour. This coffee bean is very expensive.

Another species of coffee is known as Arabica coffee. Arabica coffee beans are believed to have a richer flavour than that of Robusta coffee.  Arabica coffee beans account for more than 75% of the world’s production.  Arabica coffee plants were found growing naturally on the Arabian Peninsula in Ethiopia in the 1700’s.

There are many types of Arabica coffee beans. The two most prominent are Typica and Bourbon.  A few of the more popular include orange or yellow Bourbon Arabica, plants generated from mutation. This coffee bean is from Latin America.  Another popular Arabica coffee bean is Columbian. Columbian coffee was first brought to Columbus in the early 1800’s. When Columbian coffee is roasted, it is very aromatic. Columbian coffee beans account for over 10% of the coffee market in the world.

An unusual, yet popular type of Arabica coffee bean is Sulawesi.  Grown in Indonesia, Sulawesi (and TorajaKalossi) coffee plants are grown on the island of Sulawesi, at very high altitudes.  Sulawesi coffee beans are rich tasting. The coffee is very dark, almost chocolate in appearance. This coffee is perfect for darker roasting.

Experimenting with the many flavours and grades of coffee available will help you select your favourites. Whatever your preference, the wide selection of coffee beans available will provide you  with a wonderfully tasting coffee.

Can I Buy Coffee Online?

Coffee has become a beloved staple in our lives. Many of us simply cannot do without our beloved coffee, and will spend valuable time searching when it has sold out.  More people are turning to on-line purchasing, bringing the world to their doorstep.  On-line purchasing ensures your favourite is always in stock, and always available.

An innovative approach to coffee purchasing has been discovered at Byron Beans, offering the smoothest Australian coffees.  Byron Beans has enveloped all areas of the coffee process, so they can provide you with the best coffee available.

Byron Beans does not purchase their beans from a grower. Byron Beans grows their coffee plants, in the Byron Bay hinterland. This soil, rich and volcanic, feeds the coffee plants which thrive in the sub-tropical climate.  In growing their own beans, Byron Beans knows unequivocally you are getting the best coffee beans available. Byron Beans has artfully mastered the process of roasting. They are dedicated to the art of coffee.

Perhaps the most innovative approach to this process is Byron Beans’ on-line services. After growing superior coffee beans, Byron Beans offers you a “roast to order” service. Your coffee will be the freshest available and arrive within days.  The fresh-roasting process will provide you the richest taste, and will soon become your favourite.

Byron Beans coffee is available for purchase at many outlets in your area. Byron Beans smartly adds a use-date on each coffee, guaranteeing you the freshest coffee. On-line services will conveniently deliver this wonderful coffee directly to your doorstep, saving you time and hassle. On-line purchasing alleviates the risk of running out, or not locating your favourite tastes. You will be assured a fresh cup of coffee each and every time you desire one.

There are many selections of coffee you can choose from at Byron Beans. Choosing whole beans will allow you to grind your beans prior to brewing, giving you the freshest cup of coffee. Byron Beans also offers expresso, ground for use in your expresso machine, plunger, and stovetop.  Whatever your choice of brewing, your coffee will be superbly rich and aromatic.

Ordering on-line at Byron Beans is convenient and concise. Providing you rich descriptions of each coffee type, you simply chose your favourites and the quantity you desire. Within days, your order will arrive; the recommended time to which to drink freshly roasted coffee.

Family owned and true lovers of coffee, Byron Beans will become your favourite for that perfect cup of coffee.

Where Can I Buy Coffee Beans Online?

Simply put, we love our coffee. Even in today’s economy, we allow ourselves this small pleasure. Attention has turned away from generic, bulk and bland coffees towards quality tasting coffees. Faced with so many choices, it can be difficult to locate the best tasting coffee, the highest quality beans. Selecting coffee beans, and grinding them to make your own coffee, does provide you with the freshest flavour. You can ensure your coffee is not dated and stale. Brewing newly-ground beans will release a wonderfully aromatic smell, and the coffee will taste fresh and rich.

Locating high-quality and fresh coffee beans can be difficult. Family-owned Byron Beans is an innovative company that delivers the finest coffees available.  Through integrity, research and hard work, Byron Beans has mastered the fine process of roasting. The Byron Beans coffee plants are richly grown, and blessed by Australia’s sun.  Organically grown and smooth tasting, Byron Beans are the finest coffee beans you can find.

Ordering coffee beans with Byron Beans’ convenient on-line services will allow your order to reach your doorstep quickly. You will be drinking a wonderful cup of coffee within days. Byron Beans online services provide hassle-free shopping. Your on-line shopping cart will soon be full with their wonderful selections of coffee beans and roasts.

Byron Beans has many varieties to choose from. Four unique and delicious types of roasting, as well as two additional combinations, provide you many tastes from which to select. Byron Beans recognises the roasting grades that allow the true flavours to release.  While lighter roasts allow the bean to release its flavour, a darker roast enhances more of the roasting process itself. Byron Beans has mastered this process, balancing the coffee beans flavours delicately with the flavours produced by roasting.

Byron Beans’ light roasted beans have no roasting flavour. Producing a lighter bodied coffee, they are high in acidity. Medium roasted beans are sweeter, which produces a fuller-bodied coffee.  Byron Beans artfully roasts this selection to develop and combine the flavours, acidity and body of the beans. Darker roasting enhances the body and roasting flavours, while the taste hints of oiliness. Providing four grades from which to choose ensures your selection will be the finest. Byron Beans also offers two combinations of roasted beans. From sweet and acidic to fuller bodied dark roast, Byron Beans has it all. Committed to bringing you the best, Byron Beans is your coffee solution.

All you Need to Know about Coffee Grinds

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand (1754-1838) very aptly said this of coffee, “Black as the devil, hot as hell, pure as an angel, sweet as love.” This must be true, because at Byron Beans in Australia, what started out as a simple family business 13 years ago has now grown into a nation-wide business offering great Australian coffee, in as many as 3 dozen locations across the country.

Bryon Beans offers various types of coffee grinds for Australian coffee lovers, who often have highly individual and specific preferences. One coffee grind offered is the whole bean. This simply means the beans are not yet ground into a form of coffee powder. This is ideal for coffee drinkers who enjoy getting involved in the coffee-making process from start to finish, and creating the most unique flavour possible from various types of whole bean.

Aficionados, who own their own coffee grinder, find this the ideal “grind” of coffee, as they can enjoy the aroma and taste of freshly ground coffee whenever the need arises.

Another coffee grind offered at Byron Beans is the espresso. As the name suggests, this type of grind is ideal for those who want to enjoy a quick fix of strong espresso coffee. As the name suggests, the espresso grind is ideally used in an espresso machine. These, of course, work with very little hassle, but require great precision. This grind is ideal for those who need the energy that comes with this intense shot of caffeine, who have specific requirements of the coffee they brew, and want their coffee to taste perfect all the time.

Byron Beans also offers a coffee grind called the plunger. This type of coffee grind is to be used in a plunger. Also known as a press pot, a plunger is a simple Australian coffee-making device that allows the coffee to brew longer, releasing its oils, flavours, and aromas gradually. A mesh keeps the coffee grounds out of the cup. This brewing method captures the coffee’s full flavour and is ideal for coffee lovers who don’t mind a little work and waiting a little while for a good cup of coffee.

One other coffee grind available at Byron Beans is the stovetop. Ready for use in a stovetop brewer, also known as a moka pot, this coffee grind is used in a method that produces coffee by passing hot water pressurised by steam through ground stovetop coffee. This grind of coffee is ideal for coffee lovers who may prefer a little bit of foam emulsion, or crema.

Coffee is as individual to each coffee lover as our fingerprints are. The various coffee grinds available at Byron Beans showcase the fact that they know their coffee and know how to help their customers enjoy coffee at its best!

Different Roasting Styles – Make Your Coffee Your Own

Coffee can be a very versatile drink as its preparation can be manipulated to suit your taste and preference. The gist of the process lies in the different styles in which coffee beans can be roasted, which will produce different flavours. Coffee beans can undergo a light, medium, dark, or extra-dark roast, each producing flavours of different intensities.

A lightly roasted coffee retains more of the bean’s original flavour compared to a coffee with a darker roast. The flavour can be distinctive and indicative of the origin of the coffee, as the roasting does not overshadow the taste. The concentration of caffeine and acidity of a light roast are evidently higher and the roast flavour is not too apparent. With this preparation, your light coffee has a sharper yet subtle aroma and flavour.

When coffee beans are roasted for a longer period, you get a cup of medium-roast coffee that contains heavier flavours. The longer roasting period releases more oils from the coffee beans, hence resulting in a fuller flavour. As the coffee is roasted for a longer time, the acidity of the beans declines and you taste a sweeter drink instead. Therefore, the end product will yield a more sophisticated taste with a nice blend of smoky and acidic elements.

There is also the dark coffee roast, which produces a beverage that is darker in colour compared to light-roast coffee due to the higher intensity of roasting involved. You will taste a significantly heavier flavour with this type of roasting style as more oils are released and acidity wanes. This makes dark coffee gentler on the stomach. However, it becomes difficult to identify the region from which the coffee originates, as its original flavour cannot be discerned.

If you prefer a richer and bolder cup of coffee, then an extra-dark roast is just the ticket, as the extra roasting imparts a very heavy roasted aroma and taste. The higher amount of coffee oils produced from the roasting process produces an oily sheen on the coffee. Like dark roast coffee, it will be almost impossible to identify the region from which extra-dark roast coffee beans originate, despite the resulting distinctive flavour. Extra-dark coffee is less complex compared to medium-roast coffee, as you would taste more of the roast and very little acidity.

There’s no need to stick to just one type of roast either. Each type is suitable for different times of the day or occasions, so the best roast to choose tends to be the one you feel like having at the moment.

Different Types of Coffee Machines

Have you ever wondered how coffee houses produce such aromatic and fresh concoctions? You don’t need state-of-the-art machinery or barista training, although that would be helpful. It can easily be done even in your own kitchen. The coffee itself is the “secret ingredient”. Simply put, you can’t buy instant coffee and expect to brew good coffee.

Purveyors, such as Byron Beans, offer high-quality coffee that come in light to extra-dark roasts or any combination thereof, as well as specific types of grinds. Aside from a customer’s preference in terms of roast, the next most important thing to brewing a good cup of coffee is the type of coffee maker used and the grind that should be used in it.

One of the coffee makers that can be used in a household is a plunger type. The most basic of all coffee makers, its exterior is made of glass and the interior contains a plunger attached to a mesh filter. The coffee drinker just needs to pour the required amount of Byron Bean plunger coffee into the vessel and pour hot water into it. Wait 3-4 minutes as the coffee brews before depressing the plunger to filter out the coffee grounds and you have a simple, tasteful cup of coffee. The good thing about the plunger, or French press, is that it is easy to use, and can brew more than one cup of coffee depending on the size of the plunger.

Another type of coffee maker is the stovetop or moka pot. This is popular in European and Latin American countries. Operation of a stovetop coffee maker is more complicated than the plunger as it contains 3 sections. The lowest contains water, and the pot is heated until sufficient pressure is built up for it to pass through the coffee grinds and into the collection chamber where the coffee is ready to be served.

A stovetop coffee maker is usually made of steel or aluminium. Getting the hang of its operation might take some time, but the coffee brewed will develop a crema, and the process does extract quite a lot of flavour.

If espresso is the brew of choice, Byron Beans supplies espresso coffee grounds that are ideal for an espresso machine. Most Australians prefer pump-driven bar-system espresso machines to those that use the pod dripping system. The former yields the best extraction of oils and flavours, which creates a high-concentration espresso with a deep-brown crema.

Improve the Flavour of your Coffee with Chocolate covered Coffee Beans

Byron Beans has been producing quality Australian coffee since 1999, and many coffee drinkers have since fallen in love with their premium products. Byron Beans is a literally home-grown label that strives to share its passion and interest in coffee among coffee lovers and novices alike.

The word that is used most frequently to describe their coffee is “heavenly,” as coffee aficionados can be assured that every cuppa from Byron Beans contains the perfect balance of flavour and aroma. Byron Beans prides itself on its organic coffee cultivation in the volcanic terrain of Byron Bay, where the sub-tropical climate, rich volcanic soil, fine weather, and frequent rain all contribute significantly to the production of quality coffee beans.

You are guaranteed with freshness with Byron Beans coffee. They roast their beans only when an order is placed so that buyers are assured of the most flavourful brew for every cup. As with all purveyors of excellent coffee, customers have a choice of light, medium, dark, or extra-dark roasts, as well as a combination of roast styles to ensure the perfect match for their palate.

While many coffee drinkers insist that the perfect accompaniment to an aromatic cup of coffee is a good book, others recognise the importance of leavening what could be described as the ultimate grown up experience with something sweeter.

In recognition of this, Byron Beans has made available the potentially addictive combination of chocolate and coffee, in the form of chocolate covered coffee beans. Made with the finest Arabic coffee beans, each bite-sized morsel is encased in a thick coating of luscious dark chocolate. In one bite, the succulent dark sweetness of the chocolate smoothly gives way to the invigorating crunch and slight bitterness of the snack’s caffeine heart.

Purists might balk at the idea of “adulterating” perfectly good coffee beans in such a manner, but one taste is all it takes for the combination of crunch, sweetness, and smooth dark bitterness to take hold of the tastebuds and leave one wanting more. Pack sizes start at 100 g, although anyone who has tried and shared them will attest that this is too small.

On the other hand, the modest package sizes make chocolate covered coffee beans the ideal dinner party gift, a mid-day pick-me-up snack for one, or an unusual but welcome addition to a plate of sweet ice cream. Customers who buy 2 kg or more of Byron Beans coffee stand to receive a free pack of chocolate covered coffee beans as well.

Regular coffee versus espresso – which makes a better brew?

coffee bean typesOne of the first things I think about when I wake up each day is that first cup of coffee. What about you? Whether it’s a strong black, a cappuccino a latte or whatever, we all have our opinion on what we love the most. Espresso is basically the foundation for coffees served in cafes and restaurants, or made in those fancy little machines that you cam buy almost anywhere now, whereas instant or regular coffee is the type you buy at the supermarket, chuck in a cup and add some hot water to with a bit of milk and some sugar too if you wish.

Whether you use a plunger, a kettle or some other equipment, regular coffee always involves hot water coming into contact with ground beans for a few minutes. In comparison to espresso, regular coffee is brewed at a lower temperature for a longer time. It uses more water and requires coarsely ground beans. The advantage to regular coffee is that it is cheap and cost effective, making it one of the most common forms of coffee to have at home.

Espresso, on the other hand, is made with an espresso machine or a stovetop pot and is brewed by forcing a small amount of steaming hot water through tightly packed, finely ground coffee beans. It comes out as a small shot of intensely flavoured liquid, black in colour with a light brown foam on top. It can be drunk on its own but is also often used as a base for lattes, long blacks, affogatos and much more. Many prefer espresso shots because of their strong flavour.

Regular coffee and espresso each have their place. If you want something quick and cheap, go for the regular coffee, but if you want something a little more refined and full of flavour, go for the espresso. Whatever you choose, having the right equipment and good quality beans will ensure you keep coming back for more wonderful coffee.

One company that offers some of the best coffee beans in Australia is national company, Byron Beans. They have beans for espressos, plungers, stove tops and more. Visit them online at www.byronbeans.com.au for more information or to purchase their beans.